The problem here is that old European philosophies have done massacre to your stream of thought. In the case where you think that “you think therefore you are” people like us bet to differ in the sense that we are knowledgeable of the fact that “we live, therefore we think”. Appropriate theorizing is not the use of grammar to blanket issues; it is not the construction of confused sentences. It is simple logic, speaking from the point of view of an unbiased mind. Your mind has been injured by terrorism does not imply that all your sense slobber away like a dying man with blood drooling out of his brain. The ideal African uses their brain very often for one reason; which is- to keep it functional
The Dambisa Moyo’s analysis of where population explosion will be leading Africa and the world in the near future strongly elucidates that, since 1990’s international, civil, and cross-border wars originate within the contest for commodities. Currently, the world is estimated to have over 7 billion people, and projected to by 2050 reach 9 billion and come to an all-time high of over 10 billion by the year 2100. This increase will escalate people’s demand for resources.
In Nigeria, basic supply that citizens lack include Land, Water, Food, and Energy. There is currently a sharp decline in the amount of arable land available. Water, however, covers 70 percent of the earth but only 1 percent is clean and accessible and this leaves room for possible wars around water availability especially, in countries where the population is dense.
The population of Nigeria is inextricably and pertinently the number one challenge it faces. In fact, the current clashes between Fulani herdsmen and local communities is a result of nothing outside of the contestation for land as scarce resources. The land is so sorted after to the extent that tribes are willing to fight in order to secure the portion that they feel customarily entitled to have.
As long as Nigerians would want to condemn the herdsmen genocide, as much as Nigerians conclude that it is a terror-related strategy of ethnicity, Nigerians need to acknowledge that the Fulani herdsmen are in some sense being protective of their heritage, and the only trace of economic participation mechanism left to them by their fore parents. Historically, the Fulani herdsmen have grazing routes specially carved out and reserved for them. Yes, the Fulani ethnic group coexisted with each local community they have had to stay within in the course of their nomadic adventure, but the case is different now because the population of Nigeria exploded appallingly. The population of Nigeria today quadrupled the number of Nigerians in the early and late 1980’s. The lands which were clearly outlined and reserved for Fulani cattle grazing has been encroached on by indigenous local communities and this is a fact that the Fulani ethnic group would not accept. They can easily shed blood of whoever tries to encroach into their grazing paths. The Fulani ethnic group only see these fighting as a form of protesting to get their reserves back. Consequently, would thread the urban streets of Lagos, Abuja, Kaduna, Kano, Port-Harcourt and other major cities. This was a never before seen scenario in Nigeria, but the fact is that it is happening and it is so challenging because lives have been lost as a result of the clashes which emanate hitherto
How then can Nigeria incorporate the Fulani herdsmen into the modern forms of life? Must every community retaliate when attacked? It absolutely would make more sense to, first of all, strengthen Nigeria’s borders just so it has control of who enters the country and who cannot. It will help to clear the doubt as to where the Fulani ethnic group that are causing havocs are coming from. Ben Bruce posits in his fecund stylised script of the common sense revolution, (a book that should be a prayer manual for the Nigerian, but has sadly not seen the right eyes looking to find its avalanche of knowledge). In the common sense revolution, Bruce holds the opinion that the tightening of border post would not only limit herdsmen terror but will also generate income from tax levies that would be charged on each cattle entering the country. Moreover, with Nigeria’s population, it can as a nation capitalize and make a good income from cattle herding; it is a lucrative business that has seen modern practices in countries like the United States and Argentina. Ipso-facto, any business introduced or improved in Nigeria has the capacity of reproducing more wealth. Instead of sacramentally watching these clashes escalate and causing blood baptism, the government of Nigeria can instead implement grazing laws which support renewed forms of living. Regardless of who is who, Nigeria must maintain global relevance.
Let us take the argument of land availability. The population equation of Nigeria as relating to land availability is not a question of numerology it is, however, basically that population of Nigeria is far too much for its land mass to carry. Simple logic would tell a thinking homo-sapient that; if Nigeria is equal to the size of Texas and slightly bigger than California, it should have population either equal to the mentioned States or less and not have the population that is almost equal to that of the entire 50 states in America. Another analogy that Nigerians need to have sunk in them as regards to land availability, is the fact that lands that are suitable for buildings may not necessarily be so for farming, lands which support grazing differ from the ones which support fishing. Therefore, as these economic activities vary across the regions, so is the variety in land needs. The wars for resources would still continue if a government is unable to balance the land equation.
As much as some Nigerians may not subscribe to Eurocentric theories of population, they still yet, need to acknowledge that Malthusian theory holds deep relevance in the sense that population checks stylistically happen, regardless of how. Nigerians may speak from the voice of experience and not of theories, but notwithstanding, these experiences that Nigerians so hold on to as their source of knowledge; has been lived already by some people or some countries. China exampli-gratia has almost used up all its arable land and is now sneaking into other countries to tap as many resources as they can. It is a paradox, a resource curse that is causing the paradox of having little and that of having much. Obstinately introducing a renewed form of slavery and colonialism to the Africa continent
Taken at its best, the argument that nature is able to support human population no matter how much it grows, what then will be the problem here? The challenge would be that fact that nature has the capability of absorbing only maybe a little over half of the world’s population. This is not to take away from the fact that Mother Nature can even hold every person that has ever lived; the 10 billion people who lived before now and the over 7 billion people who are currently living. Now, even though Africa’s land mass alone is able to absorb 17 billion people, the question still arises again, will the world’s land provide enough food, clean, accessible and consumable water; affordable energy? No. It cannot. The claimed land that the world has only availed about 10 percent arability. i.e, the land which can be utilized is limited. But, how can it be so if there are 7 continents in the world? Well, it does not take very high IQ to figure out that Antarctica and the North Pole is covered in ice, and only produces fish to only humans that are highly skilled in ice fishing; North Africa, the Middle East and some parts of the Americas are covered in desert.
So, it is a no-brainer that that population has always and will forever remain the one challenge that the entire world, let alone Nigeria will ever face. If well controlled and looked after, population holds the potential of moving the country from where it is to where it wants to be. Where Nigeria wants to be is not where the worlds want to see it at. So after all, the Malthusian theory of population checks may not be to the interest of underdeveloped countries like Nigeria as it seems, but just yet, another instrument of white supremacy over Africans.
The argument that Nigeria has enough land to cater for its population does not hold relevance in the scarce commodity and economic contestation theory. Scrap it out. It is an unhealthy argument that has seen political and sentimental promotion